Case Report: A cardiac mass diagnosed using Point-of-care ultrasound in a dyspneic patient. An integrated ultrasound examination of lung-heart-Inferior Vena Cava

by Maria Viviana Carlino MD; Costantino Mancusi MD; Alfonso Sforza MD; Giorgio Bosso MD; Valentina Di Fronzo MD; Gaetana Ferro MD; Giovanni de Simone Prof.; Fiorella Paladino MD

A 74-year-old woman with history of hypertension presented to the Emergency Department (ED) with severe resting dyspnea and swelling in the feet, ankles and legs. She was on treatment with furosemide and a beta blocker. At the time of admission blood pressure was 145/88 mmHg, heart rate (HR) 99 bpm, regular, oxygen saturation was 89% (FiO2 21%) and respiratory rate was 17 breaths/min.

Case File: Use of POCUS for assessment of dyspnea in the Emergency Department

by Jennifer Meloche, MD

A 65 year-old man presented to the Emergency Department at Kingston General Hospital with progressive shortness of breath, fatigue, dull chest discomfort that worsened with deep breathing and exertion. The patient was referred to cardiology for congestive heart failure and ordered troponin, chest x-ray (CXR), and electrocardiogram (ECG).