Venous Excess Ultrasound (VExUS) Grading to Assess Perioperative Fluid Status for Noncardiac Surgeries: a Prospective Observational Pilot Study

Justin C. Magin; Jacob R. Wrobel; Xinming An; Jacob Acton; Alexander Doyal; Shawn Jia; James C. Krakowski; Jay Schoenherr; Ricardo Serrano; David Flynn; Duncan McLean; Stuart A. Grant – Perioperative fluid administration impacts the rate of complications following surgery. VExUS grading system is a standardized point of care ultrasound (POCUS)-based, comprehensive method to assess volume status. VExUS could serve as a tool to guide fluid management, if validated perioperatively. The primary aim was to assess the success rate of obtaining required windows for VExUS grading , as well as the feasibility within a perioperative setting among noncardiac surgery. Further, this study describes the incidence of perioperative venous congestion and associations with 30-day postoperative complications.

Exploring the Applicability of Pre-Anesthetic Cardiac POCUS in Unexpected Conditions: Could it be Helpful?

Rodolfo C. Sabogal – Formal preoperative echocardiography has traditionally been recommended when there is substantial cardiovascular disease without recent follow up, unexplained dyspnea, a functional class less than 4 METS or a Duke Activity Status Index less than 34. However, it is important to note that certain patients may present with a variety of cardiac abnormalities due to their preexisting condition or multiple treatments, and these individuals warrant consideration. The objective of pre-anesthetic cardiac POCUS is to provide clinical information in a timely manner.