We Don’t Talk Enough About Overuse Injuries in Clinicians Using POCUS

Traci Fox, EdD, RT(R), RDMS, RVT; Kaylah Maloney, MD; Arthur Au, MD; Resa E Lewiss, MD – The hospital is full of clinicians working with poor ergonomic form. In the emergency department, for example, this includes and is not limited to clinicians bending over to place IVs and intubating patients. When it comes to ultrasound, some clinicians might think, “I’m only scanning a few patients a day,” and the examinations are typically quick and focused. Enter the term “repetitive” stress injury” (RSI). To date, the literature pertaining to RSI and point of care ultrasound (POCUS) clinicians is very limited. We think it’s time for this to change.

Recommendations for POCUS Curriculum in Canadian Undergraduate Medical Education: Consensus from the Inaugural Seguin Canadian POCUS Education Conference

Sacha Weill, Daniel Armand Picard, Daniel J. Kim MD, Michael Y. Woo MD – Point of care ultrasound (POCUS) in Canadian undergraduate medical education (UGME) is limited. To address this paucity, the inaugural Seguin Canadian POCUS Education Conference hosted 14 of the 17 Canadian medical schools to develop a list of recommendations for POCUS education in Canadian UGME.

Use Of POCUS for the Paediatric Patient with an Undifferentiated Upper Limb Injury

David J. McCreary, MBBS MRCPCH PgC US; Alex White, MBBS – A 2-year-old girl presented to the Paediatric Emergency Department following an unwitnessed injury to her left arm while playing at nursery limiting further examination. On assessment she was reluctant to use her left arm and further examination was difficult. In cases of unwitnessed and undifferentiated elbow injuries point of care ultrasound (POCUS) can be used to evaluate for elbow joint effusion, fracture, or radial head subluxation, also known as nursemaid’s elbow.

Delayed Iatrogenic Bladder Rupture Diagnosed by POCUS in the Emergency Department

Helen J. Lu, MD; Edward H. Lee, MD; Stephen Alerhand, MD – Bladder rupture is an uncommon injury that leads to significant morbidity and mortality. Though occurring mostly due to trauma, this life-threatening pathology may also occur spontaneously or after a procedure such as transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT). Computed tomography (CT) cystography is the standard imaging modality for diagnosis. However, this test is unlikely to be ordered in a patient with undifferentiated abdominal pain unless there is specific suspicion for this diagnosis.

Missing Inferior Vena Cava on POCUS: A Case of Left-Sided IVC with Azygos Continuation

Ankit Mehta, MD, FACP, SFHM; Kreegan Reierson, MD; Benji Mathews, MD, MBA, SFHM – The merits of utilizing point of care ultrasound (POCUS) in acutely ill patients is leading to a widespread embrace. Assessment of IVC via POCUS as part of a comprehensive multi-organ approach can help guide volume tolerance. Anatomical/developmental variations of IVC can vary widely in prevalence.

Sonographic Features of a Tuberculous Cold Abscess:A Case Report and Literature Review

Figure 3: Axial view of the plain CT thorax showing low density collection in the pectoralis major muscle of the left hemithorax (a) with underlying costochondral junction showing break in cortex (b). – Tuberculosis (TB) remains a global public health concern; most notably in endemic countries where there is a rise in its incidence. Although primary pulmonary involvement accounts for the majority of TB cases, extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is rapidly growing in high income countries.

A Longitudinal Evaluation of a Multimodal POCUS Curriculum in Pediatric Residents

Reshma Sabnani, MD; Celia S. Willard, MD; Carolina Vega, MD; Zachary W. Binder MD – Pediatric residency programs often do not include a point of care ultrasound (POCUS) curriculum.  We analyzed a novel POCUS curriculum for pediatric residents that incorporated an online question bank (QB), in addition to a traditional teaching model of didactic instruction and hands-on learning experience.  

The Frequency of POCUS in the Treatment of Sepsis in the Emergency Department: A Retrospective Cohort Study

M. Bryan Dalla Betta, DO; Dasia Esener, MD; William Swanson, MD; Andrew Kaddis, MD; Felipe Aguayo Romero, MD; J. Matthew Fields, MD – Sepsis is a syndrome characterized by infection, widespread inflammation and organ dysfunction affecting millions of people in the United States and across the globe each year. Despite recent improvements in sepsis care, it is still associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality, accounting for nearly 270,000 deaths and treatment costs over $20 billion in the United States annually.

Lessons Learned from POCUS Instruction in Undergraduate Medicine During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Sherwin Wong, BHSc, MD; Salwa Nihal, MD(MBBS), MPhil, MSc; Danny Yu Jia Ke, BSc; Emma Neary; Luke Wu MD, MSc; Edwin Ocran, MBChB MSc; Michael Cenkowski, MD, FRCPC; Nicholas Grubic, BScH, MSc; Stephen C. Pang, PhD; Amer M. Johri MD, MSc, FRCPC, FASE – In response to the growing demand for bedside ultrasound skills, medical schools in Canada and internationally have attempted to integrate point of care ultrasound (POCUS) into their curriculum. This is traditionally done in small groups with in-person sessions. However, this method is resource-intensive and requires sufficient equipment and expertise.