A Case of Pediatric Sternal Fracture Diagnosed by POCUS

Takaaki Mori, MD, MRCPCH, MSc; Sung Shin Teng, MBBS, MRCPCH, FAMS – A previously healthy, 4-year-old boy visited our emergency department due to chest pain after a fall from a skate scooter. Physical examination revealed tenderness over the sternal body. Point of care ultrasound (POCUS) of the sternum demonstrated a discontinuation of a hyperechoic structure of the sternal cortex, suggesting a sternal fracture.

Use Of POCUS for the Paediatric Patient with an Undifferentiated Upper Limb Injury

David J. McCreary, MBBS MRCPCH PgC US; Alex White, MBBS – A 2-year-old girl presented to the Paediatric Emergency Department following an unwitnessed injury to her left arm while playing at nursery limiting further examination. On assessment she was reluctant to use her left arm and further examination was difficult. In cases of unwitnessed and undifferentiated elbow injuries point of care ultrasound (POCUS) can be used to evaluate for elbow joint effusion, fracture, or radial head subluxation, also known as nursemaid’s elbow.

Missing Inferior Vena Cava on POCUS: A Case of Left-Sided IVC with Azygos Continuation

Ankit Mehta, MD, FACP, SFHM; Kreegan Reierson, MD; Benji Mathews, MD, MBA, SFHM – The merits of utilizing point of care ultrasound (POCUS) in acutely ill patients is leading to a widespread embrace. Assessment of IVC via POCUS as part of a comprehensive multi-organ approach can help guide volume tolerance. Anatomical/developmental variations of IVC can vary widely in prevalence.

Sonographic Features of a Tuberculous Cold Abscess:A Case Report and Literature Review

Figure 3: Axial view of the plain CT thorax showing low density collection in the pectoralis major muscle of the left hemithorax (a) with underlying costochondral junction showing break in cortex (b). – Tuberculosis (TB) remains a global public health concern; most notably in endemic countries where there is a rise in its incidence. Although primary pulmonary involvement accounts for the majority of TB cases, extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is rapidly growing in high income countries.

The Role of Point-of-Care Ultrasound in Pilonidal Sinus Disease

Hadiel Kaiyasah, CABS FACS ESCP; Lamis Abufool, MBBS; Labib Al Ozaibi, CABS ESCP – Pilonidal sinus is a common problem encountered in proctology clinics. It has a wide spectrum of clinical picture ranging from a single asymptomatic pit to a more complex disease with multiple sinuses and secondary openings.

Point-of-Care Ultrasound to Detect Dilated Coronary Sinus in Adults

Zouheir I. Bitar FRCPuk, EDEC; Mohamad Abdelfatah MD; Ossama Sajeh Maadarani, FRCP; Muath Alanbaei, MD; Rashed Juma Al Hamdan, MD – Detecting dilated coronary sinus when assessing patients in an acute emergency with point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is important for differential diagnosis, including the detection of persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) and right ventricular dysfunction.